In the film, “What the Health,” Dr. Neal Barnard gives an explanation of his understanding of what drives type two diabetes:
“Diabetes is not and never was caused by eating a high carbohydrate diet, and it’s not caused by eating sugar. The cause of diabetes is a diet that builds up the amount of fat into the blood. I’m talking about a typical meat-based, animal-based diet. You can look into the muscle cells of the human body and you find that they’re building up tiny particles of fat that’s causing insulin resistance. What that means is the sugar that is naturally from the foods that you are eating can’t get into the cells where it belongs. It builds up in the blood and that’s diabetes.”
Insulin resistance is when there is enough insulin but it's not working. Our muscle cells can become resistant to the effect of insulin when fat (fat inside our muscle cells) blocks the signalling pathway process so that (regardless of insulin intake) it's not able to open the glucose gates and blood sugar levels build up in the blood.
Type two diabetes is caused by insulin resistance.
To further illustrate this, a researcher in 1927 named Shirley Sweeney did experiments on medical students. One group ate foods like cotton candy and maple syrup, another fasted, a third ate a high protein diet and the last ate a diet high in bacon grease, shortening and butter.
Here’s the glucose tolerance test of the ones who ate the cotton candy and maple syrup:
Here’s the glucose tolerance test of the ones who at the bacon grease, shortening and butter:
The difference is clear. The high fat diet induced diabetes with scores that would confirm a diagnosis of type two diabetes. The high sugar diet showed nearly no increase in glucose levels at all. So, your doctor can keep ordering more and more insulin for you, but if you are eating a diet high in meat and fat it won't make any difference.... your muscles and your liver will block the insulin until you shift to a different way of eating.
Now, don't go eating refined sugar either! Processed sugar still has SO MANY negatives as it feeds diseased cells and is the cause of MANY chronic illnesses.
Why do you think athletes carb load before an event? This allows sugar to load up in their muscle cells. In order for the sugar to load up into their muscles Insulin must attach to an insulin receptor. This receptor activates a series of enzymes which begin the glucose transport to enter the cell. Insulin is the key that unlocks the door into our muscle cells.
Instead, choose healthy, complex carbohydrates that digest slowly and carry along with them other important nutrients. Eat corn, beans, squash, rice, quinoa and lentils. Spice them up, mix them with fruit and vegetables, and enjoy them.
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Stay healthy friends and ENJOY life!